Tags: islam, jihad, racism
Alhamdu lillah (Praise Allah), all Masjids in the world are open to all people. Muslims pray shoulder to shoulder with no regard to any national, ethnic, class or color differences. Islamic egalitarianism still gains respect from the untouchables of India to Malcolm X and Muhammad Ali in America. However, this dominant reality is sometimes marred by individual behavior, which is contrary to the ideals of Islam. Some Muslims fall for the age-old trick of Satan and start playing the silly inferiority/superiority game. Some stereotype others and tolerate prejudice against other human beings, despite the fact that all human beings are equal, from the same man and woman. (Quran 49:13) How should we save ourselves from falling into this trap? How should we help others stay above the killing fields of racism and nationalism? What can we do to become a better human being? Here are some tips on how we can launch our personal Jihad against this disease. The Prophet said: If one of you sees something evil he should change it with his hand. If he cannot, he should speak out against it, and if he cannot do even that he should at least detest it in his heart, this being the weakest form of faith (Sahih of Muslim).
1. Knowledge is power
Do we know what the Quran and Sunnah say about racism? The Quran established individual character as the criteria of success, not color, tribal or economic status of a person. The Prophet preached and established these ideals in the peace sanctuary of Madinah and Islamic society which he developed. Let our parents, children, Islamic schools, and Imams learn and teach the ideals of Islam.
2. Ask the only One who can really help
We can get rid of racial and prejudicial attitudes within ourselves with the help of God. Make sincere and focused Dua for those people and groups who remain oppressed, subject to humiliation, subject to difficult behavior. After all, Dua increases love between people (Hadith). Also make Dua for yourself and others to gain an appreciation of others. Pray together with your family for those friends in the Masjid or at your job who are from other groups. And remember that dua without actions is nothing.
3. Hate the hatred
The Prophet never hated anyone. He neither hated Makkah nor the Makkans who tortured him, starved him and his people and killed his companions, may Allah be pleased with them. He continued to pray even for his worst enemies like Abu Jahl.
4. Make sincere Tawbah (repentance to God)
If we have hurt someone through our tongue or attitude, we need to seek God’s forgiveness. It is also important to seek the personal forgiveness of that persons as well if s/he is within reach as an Islamic pre-requisite to seek God’s forgiveness. There has to be a personal acknowledgment of wrongdoing and a commitment to change. This is done by turning to God and seeking His Forgiveness for looking down on other beings due to a false belief in someone’s inferiority.
5. Watching Our Tongue
The Prophet said: Whoever can give me a guarantee for what is between his two jaws and between his two legs, I can assure him Paradise (Sahih of Bukhari). Keeping this in mind, effort should be made to curb useless talk, which can lead to worse things like backbiting and slander of individuals and groups of people. Defining backbiting, the Prophet said that backbiting is anything that you say about someone in his absence that may displease him. When he was asked by one of the Companions, ‘even if he is as I describe him?’ he responded by saying, If he is as you describe him then you are guilty of backbiting, otherwise you are guilty of slander (which is worse than backbiting) (Sahih of Muslim). To add emphasis to how awful slander is, consider that the Prophet said it is worse than adultery because if a person commits adultery, Allah can forgive him if he repents. But a slanderer will not be forgiven until the person he had been speaking about forgives him (Baihaqi).
6. No ethnic jokes please
Ethnic jokes are not innocent humor. They carry the virus of bigotry most of the time. Think about how hurt we feel when some comedians depict Muslims as terrorist. Consider this verse of the Quran: “O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one’s brother after having Faith. And whosoever does not repent, then such are indeed wrong doers” (Quran 49:11). Such silly and hurtful jest clearly goes against the type of manners Allah and His Prophet expect from us. It’s a sin in Islam to ridicule or laugh at any beings, and if they are a group, the sin is stronger.
7. Don’t call people, Kalla, Gora, Desi, Chapta, Abd or Rafeeq
Muslims disliked being called Moslems, Moor, or Mohammaden. We insist that since we write our name Muslims that’s how everyone should spell our name. So let’s call other people with the names they like for themselves. Fair enough? Alhamdu lillah most Muslims don’t do this. But once in a while we hear names, which we need to challenge. The Urdu term “Kalla” is used by some for African-Americans. While it literally means “black”, the way it is used most of the time is demeaning. The same is true for the Urdu term Chapta or Peela, which refers to the color, and features of South East Asian people. Gora in Urdu for Caucasians falls in the same category although it also just means a white person, but is used to convey historical distrust and betrayal of the white colonial lords. Desi on the other hand is mostly used to describe stereotypical images of South Asians “curry smelling” Indians and “pakis.” It is often used as a term of self hate in the second generation. Similarly some Arabs use the term Abd to describe black people, despite the fact the Prophet catogarically prohibited use of this term. Another term Zingy is used for the same people in the demeaning way. Some Arabs use the term Rafeeq (literally comrade) for Pakistanis in demeaning way similar to how the “N word” is used in the west. Ibn al Khinzeeer (son of a pig), a reference to whoever you are angry with amongst some Arabs and specially towards Jews is not only unworthy of the followers of Prophet Muhammad, it is a direct violation of his command not to insult one another’s parents (Sahih of Bukhari and Muslim). Even the Islamic term Kafir has to be use with care. Not every non-believer is a Kafir. This Quranic term, regarding those who rejected Allah’s guidance after recognizing it to be the truth, should not become a term of hate.
8. Challenge the offensive, names, jokes and comments
If someone uses a hurtful name in our presence, we might simply say, “Don’t call him/her that. Call him/her by his/her name.” If you are the victim, simply say “That kind of joke offends me,” or say “You don’t like to be called bad names and neither do I”. We should feel comfortable in pointing out unfairness. It is very rewarding in the eyes of Allah, since by challenging this we are following three of Allah’s commands: Stand up against injustice Discourage the evil Don’t call people with bad nicknames It’s part of a Muslim’s duty to enjoin the good and forbid the evil. Let’s do it with wisdom and patience. Be polite but firm.
9. Do not generalize
If you observe something wrong in some persons’ behavior, don’t generalize it to their ethnic group. Attribute it to those persons not their group. For example, I have heard several times that Arabs in Chicago run liquor stores. While it is true that there may be 100 or so Arabs who have this type of Haram business, they are a small minority among hundreds and thousands of Arabs living in Chicago. Without condoning what they are doing, we must see that there are Muslims of other nationalities who are also involved in Haram businesses.
10. Defend the abused group
Note unique and special qualities in other people. Show the positive points of an ethnic group that is being made fun of. Whether it’s the hospitality of the Arabs, the respect for elders in Indo-Pakistani culture, the resilience of African-Americans, for instance, point out the positive to those who don’t want to see the other side of the coin. If you’re still tongue-tied, consider this Hadith: the Prophet said: If a man’s Muslim brother is slandered in his presence, and he is capable of defending him, and does so, Allah will defend him in this world and in the next. But if he fails to defend him, Allah will destroy him in this world and in the next.
11. Speak everyone’s language
What do you do when there are say, three people, one of whom speaks your native language and the other doesn’t? Too often, many of us do the wrong thing. It creates suspicion and discomfort if you speak a language in front of others who may not understand it. Use a common language understandable to all. So if Br. Muneer and you both understand Arabic, but Sr. Yasmeen doesn’t, speak in English instead, so she doesn’t feel left out. If you observe this behavior tell them it’s unfair. If you are the one who is doing the wrong thing, then don’t defend it by saying, “you should learn our language”. The Prophet said: When three people are together, two should not talk secretly, leaving the third alone since this may grieve him. (Sahiah of Bukhari & Muslim).
12. Read about others
Read about people to gain positive insights into other cultures. Read what they have written about themselves. Read about, for instance, what African-Americans have contributed to America.
Even better, read an autobiography like that of Malcolm X, which recounts the personal experience and struggles of one Muslim African-American. Much of what he has to say is also a reflection of the experience of other African-Americans.
13. Share your joy
Have you invited people other than your cultural group at an occasion of happiness in your family? Whether it’s Eid, a wedding or the Aqiqa of a newborn baby, expand your next guest list to include those of different backgrounds. Sharing joy is a great way for people of all ethno-cultural groups to bond.
14. Share your sorrow
Have you visited a sick colleague, class fellow or a neighbor of another ethnic group? Have you been to the funeral of other people? Relationships are not only built on the good times, but on the hard ones as well. Visit the sick, attend funerals, and console those who need it, and don’t reserve your sympathy to those of the same skin color or country.
15. The way to a man’s heart is through his stomach
Have you learned to cook the food of other cultures? Have you shared your food with them? I know people who have become Muslim because of the hospitality of Muslims.
Food is a great way to bring people together, and to get to know others. Share food with neighbors. Food is power. Use it!
16. Smiling is a charity Who do you smile at?
Do you limit your grins to groups you know, especially your ethno-cultural group? Smiling is charity (Sahiah of Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi), not just for your people. Expand your smile “directory” to include all. Smile opens close hearts.
17. Salam is for everyone
Quran demands that we greet others better than the way they have greeted us. (Quran 4:86). After Juma do you say Salam and meet only those people you know or do you initiate a Salam to those from another ethnic group? Consider this Hadith: The Prophet said: Those who are nearest to Allah are those who are the first to give a greeting (Sahiah of Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi). Saying Salam is also a great way to increase your love for a fellow Muslim, no matter where they are from. Consider this Hadith: the Prophet said: You will not enter Heaven until you believe, and you will not believe until you love each other. Let me guide you to something which will cause you to love each other: spreading the greetings of peace (Assalamu alaikum) (Sahiah of Muslim).
18. Hug someone today
Have you ever experienced a hug by a Muslim you never knew? What a feeling. This one just for the sake of Allah. Try it on a Muslim in your Masjid and then introduce yourself to him. He is your brother. Isn’t he?
19. Beyond Salam
Alhamdu lillah, we see a lot of faces of different ethnic groups in Masjids, but have we gone beyond Salam with them? Have we invited this brother or sister to our home this year? Let’s take the initiative to go beyond the Salam and invite a fellow human being of a different background over to our place. Don’t wait for a specific occasion. Just invite them over for dinner, lunch, or a game of basketball.
20. A Masjid tour of other neighborhoods
While in a number of cities in America and South Africa, Masjids tend to become ethnically homogeneous due to the population patterns of the city; we can try to overcome this isolation. Let’s visit other neighborhoods and pray in a Masjid there. So if you’re an Urdu speaking person, visit the predominantly Arab mosque. If you’re an Arab visit the mostly African-American mosque. If you’re Turkish, visit the mostly Bengali mosque. Let’s defy the neighborhood divisions which we did not create. Let’s take our Sunday school children on field trips to different neighborhoods and Masjids. Providing opportunities for interaction with people of diverse groups instills understanding. Studies show that children playing and working together toward common goals develop positive attitudes about one another.
21. Do your duty, but a little differently
Who do you usually give your Zakat to? Is it just to your ethnic group or do you use it as one of the categories-to win over hearts? Plan to give your next Zakat to a community or individuals who are not of your ethno-cultural background. This will be a practical way to give of yourself to those who are your brothers and sisters, and those who are in need.
22. Strangers should find an open Masjid door
How are you at welcoming strangers in your Masjid? Do you move forward in welcoming, guiding and introducing them to others or do you allow a stranger to remain a stranger while you busily chat with your own cultural group? Open your heart and arms to the new brother or sister who may have come to the Masjid with great difficulty. Welcome their choice and don’t let them regret visiting your mosque. The security staff at Masjids need to have sensitivity training as well.
23. Watch those expressions and attitudes
Did you see that twist of the mouth, or the raise of that eyebrow? Sometimes, it’s not just words, but facial expressions that also indicate ethno-racial degradation and intolerance. It’s not enough for us to just avoid verbal jabs. Language is not just about words; it’s about body language too.
24. Defend yourself
If you are the target of ethno-racial humor, slurs or attacks defend yourself. First seek refuge in Allah from Satan Following the Prophet’s advice, if you are angry, remain silent, sit down, move away or make wudu. If you feel your security is being threatened seek any help available. If you are attacked defend yourself if you are capable of it. Document and pursue the case with local police, the department of human resources and anti-hate groups. God tolerates a person who is being wronged to respond in the same coin but He prefers us to be better: “The recompense for an evil is an evil like thereof, but whoever forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah. Verily, He likes not the Zalimun (oppressors)” (Quran 42:40). An ex-Marine member of the white supremacist movement the Ku Klux Klan became Muslim due partly to the polite and confident response of a Muslim doctor to his racist remarks calling him a “dog eater”. This is an example of following Allah’s instructions that ask us to respond to evil with something which is better.
25. Stand up for justice
Take an active stand against injustices like profiling and discrimination in the workplace or at schools. Speak out against someone or a group being paid less because of their national background. “O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even though it is against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or poor, Allah is a better Protector to both (than you) are. So follow not the lusts (of your hearts), lest you may avoid justice, and if you distort your witness or refuse to give it, verily, Allah is Ever Well-Acquainted with what you do” (Quran 4:135).
26. Work with other anti-racism groups
Volunteer time to organizations and groups which are working for an anti-racism agenda or for social justice. All the prophets were sent to help people take a stand for establishing justice (Quran 57:25). Working for a common cause brings people closer. Islam encourages cooperation with non Muslims for the common good of humanity (Quran 5:2).
27. Multi-ethnic Marriages
Some Fiqh (Islamic Law) books that dislike and discourage multi-ethnic marriages amongst Muslims are wrong because they conflict with the Sunnah of the Prophet and with the Quranic principle of all people being one. For instance, the Fiqh manual Reliance of the Traveler, in a chapter on Kafa’a (compatibility), while recognizing that there should be no consideration of skin color in marriage, does mention that a match between a non-Arab man and an Arab woman is unsuitable (page 523). I am not advising anyone to offer him or herself for a social experiment. But we must accept our children’s choice with an open heart instead of resistance based on the false interpretation of compatibility (Kafa’a) offered by some Fiqh books.
28. Jihad with your taxes
Your personal jihad against racism must also include a collective effort against racism and nationalism. Your taxes are used to institute policies, some of which you may agree with and others that you may completely oppose. You can use your tax money to fight against racism by supporting policies or institutions that encourage respect for differences. We should support subsidies to human rights organizations dedicated to fighting racism, specifically.
29. Vote against racism
Support candidates who oppose racism and nationalism both within America and without. For example, former US president Bill Clinton strongly campaigned against the use of tobacco in America but ironically he also helped the US tobacco companies to achieve record profits by helping them sell and promote tobacco in the Third World. If tobacco is wrong for America, it is wrong for every other human being as well. Let’s not tolerate “Cancer for other people.”
30. Vote for multi-ethnicity in your Masjid
Make sure your Masjid in North America has a multi ethnic board and leadership. Follow the Prophet in engineering social change. He paired each Ansar and Muhajir as brothers as he started building the Islamic society of Madina.
31. Put money where your mouth is
There are a number of organizations dedicated to fighting racism in America at various levels. Support them by your donation. If you don’t want to donate, establish your own organization against bigotry.
32. Raising race free children
Islam does not recognize race, but the society we live in does. Bridging this gap is the challenge of Muslim parenting. Choose to live in a multi-ethnic community. Children with multi-ethnic interaction grow up to be better human beings. Participate in your PTA with an antiracist agenda. Help your children feel good about themselves. Children who feel good about themselves are less likely to be prejudiced. Welcome children of all background in your home. Debrief them if they come home with a racial slur from the school
33. Let’s have a straight niyyah to please Allah
Let’s make our intentions (niyyah) that we will strive to build human society based on the equality of all human beings as Allah has asked us to do. Insha Allah, He will reward us for each step we take to get ourselves, our community, and our society rid of racism and nationalism. Conclusion As Muslims who are dehumanized day and night by the media and opinion leaders, it is our duty to emerge as a better human being through this ordeal instead of engaging in the satanic game of counter dehumanization. Whoever starts to look at others as lower beings first kills his own humanity. Prejudice, racism and nationalism are equal opportunity diseases. Muslims, Christians, Hindus and Jews, all have a choice of either using their teachings to rise up for the ideals of humanity or sink in the killing fields of nationalism. Dehumanization of Native Americans contributed to their almost complete annihilation. Dehumanization of Africans as nations and individuals resulted in generational loss of life and heritage. Dehumanization of Jews and Gypsies is associated with the mass murder by Nazis. Dehumanization of Japanese Americans contributed to their being sent to internment camps in America. The dehumanization of Muslims in America after the 9/11 tragedy is responsible for the virtual internment camp Muslims in America live today and the tortures in Abu Gharib and abuse at Guantanamo Bay. Unfortunately there is a demonization of America taking place in the world, which by and large does not know how a majority of Americans today feel about the historical wrongs done on their names. Even the strong American reaction to the Abu Gharib images did not slow down the harm neo-con policies are causing to American standing in the world. Racism and nationalism are twin evils which have killed more people in last one hundred years than probably all the wars in last one thousand years including crusades and massacres of the infamous Genghis Khan. Let’s launch our personal Jihad against racism. May God be with you. Allahu Akbar (God is Great).
Abdul Malik Mujahid, is an American Muslim religious leader and social activist. He is also the President and Director of Sound Vision
Backbiting – And ways to prevent it. January 16, 2010Posted by aymenmd in Blogroll.
Tags: Backbiting, Cure, Gheebah, Gheebat, islam
Islaah ul Gheebah: The Cure for Backbiting
(Remedy of the evil disease of backbiting)
By: Hazrat Shah Abrarul Haq (rahmatullahi alaihi)
There is an extremely detrimental spiritual disease which has become very widespread in our day and age. It is the disease of gheebah (back-biting) due to which a person is harmed both in this world as well as in the hereafter.
In reply to the request of some of my acquaintances I have briefly compiled some of the harms of this disease along with the remedy for it from the writings and utterances of our pious predecessors.
By continuously pondering over these harms and by practicing and applying the remedies mentioned we will Insha-Allah rid ourselves of this evil habit and be able to protect ourselves from it.
THE HARMS OF GHEEBAH
1.) Gheebah is that it causes disunity and separation. And from disunity and separation; arguments, fights and disputes break out. One is deprived from the benefits and advantages which come from unity and love.
2.) Due to gheebah, darkness overtakes the heart. If a person has any spiritual perception and feeling in the heart, then at the time of gheebah he will feel a type of choking feeling and discomfort.
3.) Both one’s Deen and dunya are harmed by gheebah. The worldly harm is that if the one who is being back-bitten finds out about it then he will disgrace and rebuke the one who is back-biting him. The Deeni harm is that Allah Ta`ala becomes displeased with such a person and Allah’s displeasure is tantamount to hell-fire.
4.) It is mentioned in a Hadeeth Shareef narrated by Imam Baihaqi in Shu`abul Imaan that:
“Gheebah is worse than fornication.”
5.) Allah Ta`ala will not forgive gheebah until the one against whom this sin was committed forgives him. (On the condition that the person knows that he was back-bitten. But if he does not know then it is sufficient to ask forgiveness from Allah.) This is because of the fact that the sin of gheebah affects the rights of the slaves of Allah.
6.) Making gheebah is tantamount to eating the dead flesh of one’s own brother as mentioned in the Qur`an Majeed, Suratul Hujuraat, verse #12. How despicable can a person be to do such a lowly action?! Now the same way a person would hate to devour the flesh of his own dead brother, similarly one should abhor doing gheebah just as much.
7.) Doing gheebah is sign of cowardice and fear. This is why it is done “behind the back” in another person’s absence.
8.) By continuously being involved in gheebah, the NOOR and spiritual brightness of the face is taken away. The face becomes lusterless and everyone has scorn for such an individual.
9.) Another great harm of gheebah is that on the Day of Judgment the good deeds of a person will be transferred to the one whom he made gheebah of. If his right is not fulfilled by the transferring of deeds, then the sins of the person who was back-bitten will be loaded onto him. Ultimately he will be doomed to enter hell-fire due to his pitiful condition at that time. This person has been called a muflis (a poor and destitute person) in light of the Ahaadeeth. Therefore one should make amends of this before that time.
PRACTICAL REMEDY TO GHEEBAH
1.) One should take action and not be passive and quiet when gheebah is taking place. Rather one should take a practical approach. If someone does gheebah in front of you then first of all you should prevent the person from doing it. [This could easily be done in a friendly manner by changing the subject saying, "Aw come on.... Let's talk about something else!"]
If the person still persists in his gheebah then you must excuse yourself to leave that gathering. [Make an excuse to go to the bathroom or something else. Freshen up and come back. Hopefully the person will get the idea that you are trying to avoid his harmful conversation by leaving that gathering. And if he doesn't get the idea, then...] one should clearly let him know that what he is doing is a sin and do not be afraid of breaking his heart or hurting his feelings.
A true believer does not break his own Deen for the sake of not breaking the heart of someone else. We do not cause hurt to our own Imaan for the sake of not hurting someone else’s feelings.
2.) One very brilliant remedy to this evil habit is that you should notify the person whom you have back-bitten and let him know what you said about him. If one punishes and humiliates the nafs like this a couple of times then one will regret doing this sin for good Insha-Allah.
IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER:
1.) The definition of gheebah is to say something about someone (whether Muslim or non-Muslim) in their absence that they would not like to hear. Such as, saying someone is stupid, or lacks intelligence or to talk low of someone due to their lineage or family/worldly status. Or to talk about the defects in someone’s house, clothes, body, appearance, etc. In short, to mention anything about somebody that would hurt their feelings.
Gheebah can be done verbally, by making a gesture, by winking the eye, or even by giving an indication to it in one’s speech. All of these things are included in gheebah.
2.) To attain complete benefit from these advices one should also consult a qualified Muslih and form an ISLAAHI TA`ALLUQ (reformative and spiritual connection) with him. If these methods of remedy do not have any effect then one should refer back to one’s Muslih and notify him of one’s condition.
3.) There are some instances in which gheebah can be permissible such as:
-If by hiding someone’s condition and not speaking about him openly, you are sure that it will definitely cause harm to the Deen or to people, then it is necessary to speak about him. This is NOT haraam, rather it will be considered naseeha (well-wishing) for others.
-Of course before openly speaking about the condition of someone and making “gheebah” of him one should first consult and Alim who practices the Deen, whether the condition of this person is such which can be spoken about openly or not. After he has overlooked the situation and allowed it, then one can go ahead and implement his allowance.
Otherwise if this is not being done for the sake of saving the Deen and people from harm and it is done due to the desires of one’s nafs and enjoyment, then it will be considered gheebah and it will be haraam. To talk about someone’s short-comings and faults without proper knowledge of his condition, is buhtaan (SLANDER).
4.) Even if gheebah takes place in one’s Shaikh’s gathering, then one should make an excuse and leave that gathering. Just like rain is a beneficial thing and enjoying the rain drops fall is pleasing, but if it starts to hail then one should run from there for fear of getting hurt. [Likewise the Shaikh's majlis is a means of showers of mercy but when there is sin in that very majlis then the showers of mercy turn to the shower of Allah's displeasure. Therefore one should not remain there.]
Is it time we accept Indian English? March 24, 2009Posted by aymenmd in Blogroll.
Tags: common language, english, hindi, indian, national, tamil, telugu, urdu
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As much as Indian nationalists would like us to believe that Hindi is our rashtra bhasha, it is not. We are, as a nation, as diverse as humanity itself.
It is widely accepted among the various political thinkers that a nationality can never be strong until there are a few common threads that attach people of that nation. Few of them have been mentioned below:
4.Common History and
Of the principal five, none apply to the subcontinent in general and India in specific. As a secular democracy, no government has ruled us long enough with the same policies for us to develop unity, neither do we have a common religion to our benefit. As for History or Heritage – it has been as diverse as our own country.
Our neighbours, namely, the Chinese have benefited from the fact they 90% of their people speak Han Chinese, the remaining 10% can be taken care of by the dictatorship.
India has long suffered from regionalistic pride and separatism – the reasons can be many – but the principal reason being our North India centric policies and treating Hindi as the soul language.
This has resulted in deep resentment and xenophobia among the North Eastern, Southern and West Indians.
Common language is of paramount importance not only for vague ideals like nationalism and nationality, but also for trade, commerce and better governance.
An Uighur Chinese can easily be act as an employer for, say, a Mongolian ese – the reason? one may ask,simple. Both of the people in question were educated in a school where, apart from Uighurese and Mongolian, Han Chinese was taught.
However, this can hardly be expected in India, which has no one “dominant” language. In such a case, English would surely come in handy.
We might despise the use of a foreign language in our halls of learning or the dusty bazaars. But English is no more foreign, it is, and will hopefully remain, another language in the huge list of languages that already exist.
Indian English, as we may call it, has a distinct stamp of being Indian, just like the imported jeans or the east european dancers who dance behind Himesh Reshammiya.
We Indians are someone who are quick to accept, modify and tailor things according to our likes. The languages that we have today, have enriched themselves to include words like “computer”, “light”, “car” etc. Just like we have the distinction of enriching English with words like “arrey!”, “na” and other regional words.
Jawaharlal Nehru Discovered India in English, just as Khushwant Singh wrote his columns in the same language.
English in India, will and has been treated as it was treated by Australians and Americans. For example “check” became “chuck” for the Americans, “today” became “to die” for people of the Down Under, likewise “Chinese” became “chines” and “yes” got converted to “haan”.
This is, in no way a disrespect to our regional languages, just like it is no disrespect for Malaysian to be written in the Sanskrit, Arabic and Latin alphabet in different times.
The benefit might not only encourage Tamils to live comfortably in Assam, but may also help a Maarwari to do business in Mizoram or help Shashi Tharoor to stand in elections from Malapparam. The politics of division will give way to the politics of unity, and then, we might expect of our leaders to offer us better employment conditions than “self-pride” or “protection of the culture”.
It is time that English comes out of the halls of justice and the parliament, and reach into religious sermons, bazaars, docks and our sign boards.
‘The Best Day On Which The Sun Has Risen’:Jum’ah November 8, 2008Posted by aymenmd in Blogroll.
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‘The Best Day On Which The Sun Has Risen’
Jumuah (Friday Prayer)
By Sister Manahil
with inputs by Imran Ayub.
Alhamdulilah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allaah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allaah from our souls’ evil and our wrong doings. He whom Allaah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide. I bear witness that there is no (true) God except Allah – alone without a partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His ‘Abd (servant) and messenger.
Allah, the Most High, says, “O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salât (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allâh [Jumu'ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salât (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know!”
A. Virtues Of Friday
1. A Special Day Chosen By Allaah
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): I heard Allah’s Apostle (peace be upon him) saying, “We (Muslims) are the last (to come) but (will be) the foremost on the Day of Resurrection though the former nations were given the Holy Scriptures before us. And this was their day (Friday) the celebration of which was made compulsory for them but they differed about it. So Allah gave us the guidance for it (Friday) and all the other people are behind us in this respect: the Jews’ (holy day is) tomorrow (i.e. Saturday) and the Christians’ (is) the day after tomorrow (i.e. Sunday).”
2. The Best Day Is Friday
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: “The best day on which the sun has risen is Friday; on it Adam was created, on it he was made to enter Paradise , on it he was expelled from it. And the last hour will take place on no day other than Friday.”
3. It Is Greater Than The Days Of ‘Eid
It was narrated that Abu Lubaabah ibn ‘Abd al-Mundhir said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Friday is the master of days, and the greatest of them before Allaah. It is greater before Allaah than the day of al-Adha and the day of al-Fitr. It has five characteristics: on this day Allaah created Adam, on it He sent Adam down to the earth, on it Allaah caused Adam to die, on it there is a time when a person does not ask Allaah for anything but He gives it to him, so long as he does not ask for anything haraam, and on it the Hour will begin. There is no angel who is close to Allaah, no heaven, no earth, no wind, no mountain and no sea that does not fear Friday.”
4. Whoever Dies On Friday Is Protected From The Trial Of The Grave
Narrated ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr (may Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: “There is no Muslim who dies during the day of Friday or the night of Friday but Allaah will protect him from the trial of the grave.”
B. Some Things To Do On Friday
1. Pray Fajr In Congregation
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) used to recite the following in the Fajr prayer of Friday, “ Surah As-Sajdah (The Prostration) and  Surah Al-Insan (Man).”
2. Praying Salaat Al-Jumu’ah:
Allah, the Most High, says, “O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salât (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allâh [Jumu'ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salât (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know!”
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him):“Five prayers and from one Friday prayer to (the next) Friday prayer is an expiation (of the sins committed in between their intervals) if major sins are not committed.”
3. Making A Lot Of Du’aa’.
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) talked about Friday and said, “There is an hour (opportune time) on Friday and if a Muslim gets it while praying and asks something from Allah, then Allah will definitely meet his demand.” And he (the Prophet) pointed out the shortness of that time with his hands.”
Narrated Anas ibn Maalik (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Seek the hour in which there is hope that prayers will be answered, on Friday after ‘Asr (mid-afternoon) prayer, until the sun goes down.”
4. Reading Soorah al-Kahf, Soorah Aal – ‘Imraan, Fasting on Friday, and Salaat al- Raghaa’ib
4.1 Soorah al-Kahf (Chapter 18)
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid said, “There are saheeh ahaadeeth from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) concerning the virtues of reciting Soorah al-Kahf during the day or night of Jumu’ah (Friday). … The soorah may be read during the night or the day of Jumu’ah. The night of Jumu’ah starts from sunset on Thursday, and the day of Jumu’ah ends at sunset. Therefore the time for reading this soorah extends from sunset on Thursday to sunset on Friday.”
Narrated Aboo Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said,“Whoever recites Surah al-Kahf on Jumu’ah will have illumination from the light from one Jumu’ah to the next.”
Narrated Aboo Sa’eed al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:“Whoever reads Soorat al-Kahf on the night of Jumu’ah, will have a light that will stretch between him and the Ancient House (the Ka’bah).”
4.2 Soorah Aal-‘Imraan (Chapter 3)
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid said, “There are no saheeh ahaadeeth concerning reading Soorat Aal ‘Imraan on Friday. All the reports that have been narrated concerning that are either da’eef jiddan (very weak) or mawdoo’ (fabricated).”
Narrated Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever recites the Soorah in which the family of ‘Imraan (Aal ‘Imraan) are mentioned on Fridays, Allaah and His angels will send blessings upon him until the sun sets.”
4.3 Fasting on Friday
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him):“Do not single out the night (preceding) Friday among the nights for prayer and do not single out Friday among days for fasting but only when anyone among you is accustomed to fast (on dates) which coincide with this day (Friday).”
Muhammad ibn Ismaa‘eel as-San‘aanee said, “The hadeeth is evidence for the prohibition of specifying Friday night for worshiping with formal prayer and recitation and other similar acts, not usually done, except what is mentioned in a legal text regarding that. For example, the recitation of Soorah al-Kahf, as there is narrated the specification of Friday night for its recitation and for other chapters there are narrated specifications but scholars have spoken negatively about them.”
4.4 Salaat al-Raghaa’ib
Imam an – Nawawee (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, “The prayer which is known as salaat al-raghaa’ib, which is twelve rak’ahs that are offered between Maghrib and ‘Isha’ on the night of the first Friday in Rajab, and praying one hundred rak’ahs on the night of Nusf Sha’baan (halfway through Sha’baan) are both reprehensible innovations. No one should be deceived by the fact that they are mentioned in Qoot al-Quloob and Ihya’ ‘Uloom al-Deen, or by the hadeeth which is quoted in these two books, because all of that is false. No one should be deceived by some of those imams who were confused about the ruling on these prayers and wrote essays stating that they are mustahabb, for they are mistaken in that. Imam Abu Muhammad ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn Isma’eel al-Maqdisi wrote a valuable book showing that they are false, and he did well in that, may Allaah have mercy on him.”
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “As for innovating a prayer which is done regularly with a certain number of rak’ahs, with a certain recitation and at a certain time in congregation, like these prayers that are being asked about here – such as salaat al-raghaa’ib on the first Friday of Rajab, and halfway through Sha’baan, and the night of the twenty-seventh of Rajab, and so on – these are not prescribed in Islam, according to the consensus of the imams of Islam, as was stated by the reliable scholars. No one established such a thing but those who are ignorant and innovators. Things like this open the door to changing the laws and rituals of Islam and becoming like those who instituted things which Allaah has not ordained.”
5. Sending a lot of blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Narrated Aws ibn Aws (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Among the most excellent of your days is Friday; on it Adam was created, on it he died, on it the last trumpet will be blown, and on it the shout will be made, so invoke more blessings on me that day, for your blessings will be submitted to me.” The people asked: “Apostle of Allah, how can it be that our blessings will be submitted to you while your body is decayed?” He replied: “Allah, the Exalted, has prohibited the earth from consuming the bodies of Prophets.”
6. Making Ghusl and wearing perfume
Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him): Allah’s Apostle (peace be upon him) said, “The taking of a bath on Friday is compulsory for every male (Muslim) who has attained the age of puberty.”
Narrated Salman-Al-Farsi (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever takes a bath on Friday, purifies himself as much as he can, then uses his (hair) oil or perfumes himself with the scent of his house, then proceeds (for the Jumu’ah prayer) and does not separate two persons sitting together (in the mosque), then prays as much as (Allah has) written for him and then remains silent while the Imam is delivering the Khuthbah, his sins in-between the present and the last Friday would be forgiven.”
C. The Virtues Of Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “He who took a bath and then came for Jumu’ah prayer and then prayed what was fixed for him, then kept silence till the Imam finished the sermon, and then prayed along with him, his sins between that time and the next Friday would be forgiven, and even of three days more.”
2. Coming Early To Jumu’ah Brings Great Reward.
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Any person who takes a bath on Friday like the bath of Janaabah and then goes for the prayer (in the first hour i.e. early), it is as if he had sacrificed a camel (in Allah’s cause); and whoever goes in the second hour it is as if he had sacrificed a cow; and whoever goes in the third hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed a horned ram; and if one goes in the fourth hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed a hen; and whoever goes in the fifth hour then it is as if he had offered an egg. When the Imam comes out (i.e. starts delivering the Khuthbah), the angels present themselves to listen to the Khuthbah.”
3. The Virtue Of Walking To The Friday Prayer
Narrated Aws ibn Aws (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever does ghusl on Friday and causes (his wife) to do ghusl, and sets out early, and comes close to the imam and listens and keeps quiet, for every step he takes he will have the reward of fasting and praying qiyaam for one year.”
D. Some Important Points When At The Prayer
1. The Importance Of Listening Attentively To The Jumu’ah Khuthbah
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “If you (even) ask your companion to be quiet on Friday while the Imam is delivering the sermon, you have in fact talked irrelevance [ie. engaged in idle talk].”
Narrated Abu’l-Darda’ (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sat on the minbar and addressed the people, and he recited a verse. Ubayy ibn Ka’b was next to me, so I said to him: “O Ubayy, when was this verse revealed?” But he refused to speak to me, so I asked him again and he refused to speak to me, until the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came down (from the minbar). Then Ubayy said to me:“You have gained nothing from your Jumu’ah except idle talk.” When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had finished (the prayer), I went to him and told him (what had happened). He said: “Ubayy was right. When you hear your imam speaking, then keep quiet and listen attentively until he has finished.”
Sheikh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen said: “It is Haraam to give salaams during the Friday Khuthbah, so it is not permissible for one who enters the mosque whilst the imam is delivering the Khuthbah to give salaams, and it is also Haraam to return the greeting.”
Sheikh Naasir-ud-Deen al-Albaanee said: “If someone says “Be quiet!”, this is not regarded as idle talk (laghw) from a linguistic point of view, because it comes under the heading of enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil. However the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) called it Laghw that is not permissible. This comes under the heading of giving precedence to what is more important (namely being silent and listening to the preaching of the khateeb) over what is important (namely enjoining what is good during the Khuthbah). As this is the case, everything that comes under the heading of enjoining what is good comes under the same ruling as enjoining what is good – so how about if it of less importance than that? Undoubtedly in that case it is more appropriate that it not be allowed and it comes under the heading of laghw (idle talk).”
2. Face The Imaam
Sheikh Naasir-ud-Deen al-Albaanee said: “One of the reasons for their turning their faces towards the imaam is to facilitate their listening to his words, and to observe good manners when listening to him. If a person turn his face towards him with the proper physical posture and a focused mind, that will better enable them to understand his preaching and is in accordance with the reason why the khateeb is commanded to stand.”
3. Sunna Before and After Jumma
There are no prescribed Sunnah prayers before Jumu’ah and some people like to pray the Sunnah of Dhuhr at this time and this is incorrect and an innovation
Sheikh Naasir-ud-Deen al-Albaanee said, “Those who pray this Sunnah are not following the Messenger or imitating any of the imaams; on the contrary, they are imitating the later scholars who are like them in that they are also imitators [of earlier scholars] rather than mujtahideen [scholars who investigate and form their own rulings]. I am amazed to see an imitator imitating another imitator.”
However, one should still pray two rakaats when they enter the Masjid (before sitting down). This applies even when you come and the Khuthbah has already begun.
Narrated Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him): A man entered the Mosque while the Prophet (peace be upon him) was delivering the Khutba. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to him, “Have you prayed?” The man replied in the negative. The Prophet said, “Pray two Rakat.”
In another narration, it is stated: Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) said that the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) delivered the sermon and said: “When any one of you comes for the Friday (prayer) and the Imam comes out (from his apartment), (even then) should observe two rak’ahs (of prayer).”
Nafi’ (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that when ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar observed the Friday prayer and came back he observed two rak’ahs in his house, and then said: “The Messenger of Allah ( peace be upon him) used to do this.”
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “When any one of you observes the Jumu’ah prayer (two obligatory rak’ahs in congregation), he should observe four (rak’ahs) afterwards.”
Ibn al-Qayyim said, “When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had prayed Jumu’ah, he would enter his house and pray two Rak’ahs of Sunnah, and he commanded those who had prayed it to pray four rak’ahs afterwards. Our shaykh, Abu’l-‘Abbaas Ibn Taymiyah said: if he prayed in the mosque, he would pray four, and if he prayed at home, he would pray two. I say: this is what is indicated by many ahaadeeth. Abu Dawood from Ibn ‘Umar that when he prayed in the mosque, he prayed four and when he prayed at home, he prayed two.”
4. Changing the place to Pray the Sunnah
‘Umar ibn ‘Ata’ ibn Abu Khuwar said that Nafii ibn Jubair sent him to al- Sa’ib the son of Namir’s sister with a view to asking him about what he had seen in the prayer of Mu’awiyah. He said: “Yes, I observed the Jumu’a prayer along with him in Maqsura and when the Imam pronounced salutation I stood up at my place and observed (Sunan rak’ahs). As he entered (the apartment) he sent for me and said: Do not repeat what you have done. Whenever you have observed the Jumu’a prayer, do not observe (Sunan prayer) till you, have talked or got out For the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) had ordered us to do this and not to combine two (types of) prayers without talking of going out.”
This hadith tells us that in case someone performs a certain prayer at a certain place; he should not perform another Salah at the same place and at the same time. There must be a distance in between the two prayers either by a way of change in the place or by way of Dhikr (mentioning Allah’s Names or the utterance of different prescribed supplications).
E. Ruling On Not Going To Jumuah
Narrated Abdullah ibn ‘Umar and Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with them): They heard Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) say on the planks of his pulpit: “People must cease to neglect the Friday prayer or Allah will seal their hearts and then they will be among the negligent.”
Narrated Al-Ja’d ad-Damari (may Allaah be pleased with them): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “He who leaves the Friday prayer (continuously) for three Friday on account of slackness, Allah will print a stamp on his heart.”
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah have mercy on him) said,“Friday prayer is one of the most important obligations in Islam, and one of the greatest gatherings of the Muslims. Gathering on Friday is more important and more obligatory than any other gathering apart from ‘Arafah. Whoever neglects it, Allaah will place a seal on his heart.”
F. Jumu’ah Prayer Is Not Obligatory For Women, Slaves, The Sick And Travellers
Narrated Tariq ibn Shihab (may Allaah be pleased with them): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The Friday prayer in congregation is a necessary duty for every Muslim, with four exceptions; a slave, a woman, a boy, and a sick person.”
Sheikh Sayyid Saabiq said, “For the traveller, even if he is staying at a certain place during the time of the beginning of salatul Jumu’ah, it is not obligatory. This is based on the fact that the Prophet (peace be upon him) travelled and did not perform the salatul Jumu’ah but only prayed the zuhr and ‘asr together during the time of the zuhr prayers. The caliphs after him and others also acted in a similar manner.”
And It is Only Allah Who grants success. May Allah Exalt the mention of His slave and Messenger Muhammad, and render him, his household and companion safe from Evil.
· ‘Prayer According to the Sunnah’, by Prof. Muhammad Zulfiqar, Darussalam publishers
· Saheeh Bukhaari, Saheeh Muslim and Sunan Aboo Daawood translations taken from fromhttp://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamentals/hadithsunnah/
· Fiqh Us Sunnah, by Sayyid Sabbiq,http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/law/fiqhussunnah
· ‘Fiqh of Fasting’, Module 6, Dr. Bilal Philips,www.Islamiconlineuniversity.com/moodle
· Fiqh-us-Sunnah, http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/law/fiqhussunnah/fus2_38.html
Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Number 1074; Classed as Saheeh by Sheikh al-Albaanee in Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz, p. 49, 50; as quotedhttp://www.islam-qa.com/special/index.php?ref=9211&ln=eng&subsite=14
al-Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Eemaan; classed as Saheeh by Sheikh al-Albaanee in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 1119; as quoted inhttp://www.islamqa.com/index.php?ref=9211&ln=eng
Sunan at-Tirmidhi; Classed as Saheeh by Sheikh al-Albaanee inSaheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, Number 700; as quoted inhttp://www.islamqa.com/index.php?ref=12309&ln=eng
‘When is the time for reciting Soorat al-Kahf on Friday?‘http://www.islamqa.com/index.php?ref=10700&ln=eng
‘Awn al-Ma’bood; as quoted in http://www.islamqa.com/index.php?ref=13815&ln=eng
Muhammad ibn Ismaa‘eel as-San‘aanee said, “The general meaning of this text indicates that Salaatul-Raghaa’ib done on the first Friday night of Rajab is contrary to the Sharee‘ah. If the hadeeth concerning it were authentic, it would have exempted it from the general prohibition. But, the scholars have spoken against its hadeeth and declared it fabricated.” [Subulus-Salaam (commentary on Buloogh al-Maraam written by Haafiz Ibn Hajar al- ‘Asqalaanee), Kitaab as-Siyaam , Number 39; as quoted in ‘Fiqh Of Fasting’, Module 6, p. 7]
al-Majmoo’ (3/548); as quoted in http://www.islamqa.com/index.php?ref=60180&ln=eng
Sunan Aboo Daawood, Book 3, Number 1042; Classed as Saheehby Sheikh al-Albaanee in Saheeh al-Targheeb wa’l-Tarheeb, Number 695: as quoted in http://www.islamqa.com/index.php?ref=12309&ln=eng
The Islamic Bath (Ghusl) is as follows: i. Wash hands, ii. Wash genitals with left hand, iii. Wash hands (with soap), iv. Make wudoo’, v. Wash head (right side first, vi. Wash whole body, vii, Wash feet. For more information please refer to http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Islam_True/message/198
Narrated Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “When it is a Friday, the angels stand at the gate of the mosque and keep on writing the names of the persons coming to the mosque in succession according to their arrivals. The example of the one who enters the mosque in the earliest hour is that of one offering a camel (in sacrifice). The one coming next is like one offering a cow and then a ram and then a chicken and then an egg respectively. When the Imam comes out (for Jumu’ah prayer) they (i.e. angels) fold their papers and listen to the Khuthbah.” [(Agreed Upon); Saheeh Bukhari, Volume 2, Book 13, Number 51; Saheeh Muslim, ]
Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Number 496; Classed as Saheeh by Sheikh al-Albaanee in Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Number 410; as quoted inhttp://www.islamqa.com/index.php?ref=13692&ln=eng
Riba or Usury, a detailed post November 8, 2008Posted by aymenmd in Blogroll.
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Defining the Problem
Riba (Usury) is of two major kinds:
- Riba An-Nasia - Interest on lent money
- Riba Al-Fadl - Taking a superior thing of the same kind of goods by giving more of the same kind of goods of inferior quality, e.g, dates of superior quality for dates of inferior quality in great amounts.
The definition of Interest, the literal meaning of interest or Al-Riba as it is used in the arabic language means to excess or increase.
In the Islamic terminology interest means effortless profit or that profit which comes free from compensation or that extra earning obtained that is free of exchange.
Riba has been described as a loan with the condition that the borrower will return to the lender more than and better than the quantity borrowed.
As muslims, our main concern when it comes to financial transactions is to avoid Riba in any of its forms, despite the fact that the basic foundation of the world economics and finance today is that of riba and dealing in usury.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) has foretold us of a time when the spread of riba would be so overwhelming that it would be extremely difficult for the muslim to avoid it. This situation calls for muslims to be extra cautious before deciding on what money payment of financial methods to use in any personal or business transaction.
To make sure that we are safe from Riba, we have to learn which transactions lead to it.
Interest in Pre-Islamic Times
HafizIbn hajr writes in his commentary of Sahih Bukhari (Fathul Bari), Vol. IV p.264:
Imam Malik reports on the authority of Zaid Ibn Aslam that in the period of ignorance (pre-Islamic times) interest was charged according to the following scheme. One person had a right to the property of another person. It may have been a general right because of the amount lent or the price of something purchased or in any other form. A time was set when the claim would be settled. When the appointed time arrived the creditor would ask the debtor if he wanted to settle the claim or pay interest with an extension of time. If the claim was settled then there was no increase in the payment. Otherwise the debtor would increase the amount payable and the creditor would extend the period further.
Hadith – Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, No. 299; Narrated `Aun bin Abu Juhaifah, r.a.
My father bought a slave who practised the profession of cupping, (My father broke the servants instruments of cupping). I asked my father why he had done so. He replied, “The Prophet forbade the acceptance of the price of a dog or blood, and also forbade the profession of tatooing, or getting tatooed and receiving or giving Riba (Usury), and cursed the picture makers.”
Hadith – Sahih Bukhari, 2.468, Narrated Samura bin Jundab, r.a.
He speaks of in a dream related to the Prophet (SAW) that there is a river of blood and a man was in it, and another man was standing at its bank with stones in front of him, facing the man standing in the river. Whenever the man in the river wanted to come out , the other one threw a stone in his mouth and caused him to retreat back into his original position. The Prophet (peace be upon him) was told that these people in this river of blood were people who dealt in Riba (usury).
The Noble Qur’an – Al-Baqarah 275-281
275. Those who eat Ribâ (usury) will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shaitân (Satan) leading him to insanity. That is because they say: “Trading is only like Ribâ (usury),” whereas Allâh has permitted trading and forbidden Ribâ (usury). So whosoever receives an admonition from his Lord and stops eating Ribâ (usury) shall not be punished for the past; his case is for Allâh (to judge); but whoever returns [to Ribâ (usury)], such are the dwellers of the Fire – they will abide therein.
276. Allâh will destroy Ribâ (usury) and will give increase for Sadaqât (deeds of charity, alms, etc.) And Allâh likes not the disbelievers, sinners.
277. Truly those who believe, and do deeds of righteousness, and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give Zakât, they will have their reward with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.
278. O you who believe! Be afraid of Allâh and give up what remains (due to you) from Ribâ (usury) (from now onward), if you are (really) believers.
279. And if you do not do it, then take a notice of war from Allâh and His Messenger but if you repent, you shall have your capital sums. Deal not unjustly (by asking more than your capital sums), and you shall not be dealt with unjustly (by receiving less than your capital sums).
280. And if the debtor is in a hard time (has no money), then grant him time till it is easy for him to repay, but if you remit it by way of charity, that is better for you if you did but know.
281. And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to Allâh. Then every person shall be paid what he earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.
The Noble Qur’an – Al-Imran 3:130
O you who believe! Eat not Ribâ (usury) doubled and multiplied, but fear Allâh that you may be successful.
Hadith – Mishkat-ul-Masabih
The following three ahaadeeth have been taken from Mishkat-ul-Masabih under the section of interest and the English translation has been taken from its English version written by Al Hajj Moulana Fazl Karim (218-227 vol.11)
- Hazrat Jabir r.a. has reported that the Messenger of Allah cursed the devourer of usury, its payer, its scribe and its two witnesses. He also said that they were equal (in sin).
- Hazrat Abu Hurairah r.a. reported that the Prophet said : A time will certainly come over the people when none will remain who will not devour usury. If he does not devour it, its vapour will overtake him.
[Ahmed,Abu Dawood,Nisai,Ibn Majah]
- Hazrat Abu Hurairah radiyallahu anhu reported that the Messenger of Allah said: I came across some people in the night in which I was taken to the heavens. Their stomachs were like houses wherein there were serpents, which could be seen from the front of the stomachs. I asked :O Gabriel! Who are these people? He replied these are those who devoured usury. [Ahmed,Ibn Majah]
Hadith – ??
Hazrat Al-Khudri radiyallahu anhu reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Gold in exchange for gold, silver in exchange for silver, wheat in exchange for wheat, barley in exchange for barley, dates in exchange for dates, salt in exchange for salt is in the same category and (should be exchanged) hand to hand, so whoever adds or demands increase he has practiced usury. The giver and taker are the same.
Islam has encouraged men to earn their own provision and provide for their families. The condition is that the earning has to be according to the Shari’ah. These rules can be found under the heading of trade in the books of jurisprudence. Interest is amongst those conditions which all dealings must be free from.
Imam Abu Hanifah has ruled that if the measurement system (volumetric or in compounds) is the same and the two items are in the same category, then they should be sold in the same amount and direct not in credit otherwise interest will be found.
Imam Shaf’ee says that if the items are valuable and could be considered food then there is the chance of interest.
Imam Malik says that if the items are valuable and are edible then interest is a subject.
- Giving and taking interest is Islamically unlawful.
- A person who takes interest does not gain anything in reality but through the explanation of the Qur’ân verse. In reality the money through Ribâ just goes to waste and the person does not even realize it, and a person who gives money in the path of Allah, in whatever form it may be, actually gains although in reality it may seem as though he is losing out.
- Every person should take all necessary precautions in their financial and social dealings. If a person neglects in keeping a watchful eye on financial dealings, this negligence will slowly spread to other aspects of religion, having a very detrimental effect.
- Interest is hazardous and should be abstained from in all manners. If anybody has a case they wish to solve then they should contact a knowledgeable person in this deen of Islam and present their problem as well as in all cases every individual should continue to seek Allah’s forgiveness and guidance.
- In order to own a credit card and avoid paying Ribâ, you must make payment on purchases before the statement comes in, i.e. send the credit card company the check for payment as soon as you make the purchase. If you are too tempted and unable to purchase things without immediately paying for them (and thereby will be charged interest), don’t use them or don’t even have them. Fear your Lord!
- As a reminder to us all, Allah (SWT) has told us in the Qur’ân [2:279] if we don’t give up interest ,we must take notice of a war from Allah!
KSA to build world’s largest women-only university November 1, 2008Posted by aymenmd in Blogroll.
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Saudi to build world’s largest women-only varsity
Dubai, Oct 29 (IANS) The world’s largest university exclusively for women is to come up in Saudi Arabia, with Saudi King Abdullah scheduled to lay the foundation stone.
The Riyadh Women’s University will be the world’s largest institute for higher studies when the project is completed in 2010.
The university will have 13 colleges and will cover an area of eight million square metres north of the Saudi capital.
‘After we received instructions from higher authorities to establish a full-fledged university, we have consulted international engineering houses for the purpose of designing a world-class campus that can accommodate 40,000 students,’ Saudi Finance Minister Ibrahim Al-Assaf told the Arab News newspaper.
‘It will be the largest specialised campus for women in the world,’ he said, adding that the buildings of the campus will be completed within the next two years.
The university’s colleges will include those for medicine, dentistry, nursing, naturopathy and pharmacology.
University president Princess Al-Jowhara Bint Fahd, while lauding King Abdullah and Crown Prince Sultan for the project, said that the university will usher in a new era for women’s education in that Gulf nation.
‘We want to make it a leading international institution,’ she said.
The university will have tie-ups with major universities inside and outside the country to promote research programmes, she said.
‘We have devised its educational programmes after consulting different ministries, including the ministries of labour, commerce and industry, and economy and planning,’ Princes Al-Jowhara said.
Israel and America – A Marriage in Trouble? October 13, 2008Posted by aymenmd in Blogroll.
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Israel is destroying America financially
By Khalid Amayreh in Jerusalem
When future Historians look into the factors that ultimately brought down the American empire, one of the main factors they will feature prominently is the “Israeli factor.”
It is well known that Israel, through the numerous Zionist lobbies and pressure groups, more or less controls America’s politics, media and financial institutions.
I am not going to provide statistical data showing the extent to which nearly every aspect of American life is infiltrated and penetrated by Zionism. Such data are readily available for those seeking the truth about Zionist dominance in America.
Instead, I suggest that skeptics speak to some of those senators or congressmen and women who dare to “tell it like it is,” or privately ask some people in the media and show-business about their respective experiences with regard to the “Lobby.”
Undoubtedly they will hear hair-raising stories they have never thought they will ever hear.
In the late 1970s, the American Jewish intellectual Alfred Lilienthal wrote an extremely important book on the Jewish lobby that controls contemporary America. The book is titled “The Zionist Connection: What Price Peace,” and is in my opinion one of the greatest books written in the twentieth century.
The reason I mentioned Lilienthal’s book is because the Zionist control of American political life and institutions is today deeper, tighter and more encompassing than ever before. And there is no doubt under the sun that America’s steady downfall is imputed first and foremost to this impenetrable Israel-worshiping lobby which utilizes America’s power and resources for the sake of serving and promoting Zionist goals both in the Middle East and at the global level.
Didn’t Israeli emissaries in the 1990s, following the collapse of the former Soviet Union, tell the rulers of Central Asia and Eastern Europe that “we control the US government, and the way to America’s mind and heart goes through Jerusalem?”!!!
Sounds anti-Semitic? Well, don’t be too sure, just listen to what Zionist leaders and rabbis in Israel are saying! Maybe you will change your views.
Some of the most strident and audacious acts Israel and her agents in America have taken to destroy America from within has been the American invasion and occupation of Iraq. That unnecessary and manifestly disastrous war was conceived in and planned by Israel through the mostly Jewish neocons in Washington, D.C.
Interestingly, not only has this criminal war killed more than a million Iraqis and several thousand American soldiers, but it has also ruined the United States financially and dealt the American currency, the US dollar, what seems to be an irreversible crushing blow.
Needless to say, the current mega crisis in America, on the one hand, and the ongoing Israeli-conceived wars America is fighting in many parts of the world, on the other, are inextricably entwined. American leaders and politicians won’t say that openly. But America doesn’t lack the brain power to know the facts and find out the truth about the umbilical connection between the Israeli factor and the ravaging financial crisis now facing the US.
Again, if you are in doubt, ask those who dare to speak in Washington and they will tell you what you can’t count on the Zionist-controlled media to tell. After all, Fox News, CNN, ABC, CBS, NBC, New York Times, Washington Post, LA Times, Wall Street Journal, Time and Newsweek, to mention a few of the so-called “agenda setters,” are not really answerable to the American people. They are answerable to the lobby, because if and when officials at these outlets don’t go with the flow, they get fired immediately. Have you ever thought why it is easier to criticize Israel in Tel Aviv than in New York? Have you every figured out why it is easier for an Israeli politician to lambaste his own government for its misdeeds than it is for an American official to do so? There are Israeli academics and intellectuals who have called Israel “a Nazi state.” Can an American professor or intellectual call Israel a Nazi state and retain his job?
Now Israel has got America deeply sinking in the futile war on terror, which is actually another meaningless war on Israel’s enemies, namely the Muslims, for supporting the just Palestinian cause and demanding Israeli withdrawal from occupied Arab land.
Like the Iraq war and the Afghan war, the apparently nihilistic war on terror is being waged on Israel’s behalf because, in the final analysis, there is really no conflict between Muslims and America.
Yes, “9/11″, we are told, was carried out by a few terrorists who held Muslim names and who wrongly thought that they were serving the Palestinian cause and the cause of Islam by killing innocent people.
But these misguided individuals, if indeed they were the real villains (because there is a growing mass of evidence prompting honest people to doubt and question the authenticity of the official American narrative in this regard) only represent a tiny part of the Muslim world. Muslims generally don’t hate America and the American people. Most people don’t hate other people, regardless of religion and culture. It is only due to deep and grievances that oppressed people harbor ill feelings toward their oppressors.
Otherwise, I am sure a hundred percent that Palestinians and Muslims in general have no inherent ill-feelings toward the American people.
Of course, Zionist Jews, some of who are now distributing anti-Islamic DVDs in America to instill hatred and fear of Islam and Muslims in the hearts of Americans in order to serve Israeli interests, dread the day Americans will know the truth about Israel, e.g. that Israel is nothing less than a crime against humanity and that it represents the ultimate antithesis of everything the American people hold dear and stand for.
Yesterday, America had to allocate 700 billion dollars to bail out another ramshackle American financial institution.
I am afraid there will be more bad news in this regard if America doesn’t reclaim its liberty from the Zionist Rober Barons who have come to tightly control the American financial establishment.
Moreover, should the US decide to act on Israel’s instructions (or orders) and go to war against another Muslim country, this time Iran, one could imagine the magnitude of the financial and therefore economic disaster that would befall America and the world.
A few years ago, it was rumored that former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, that certified war criminal, told Shimon Peres, then Israel’s foreign minister, during an acrimonious cabinet meeting “that we control America from California to New York and the stupid Americans know it.”
And while I am not completely sure about the authenticity of the statement, it is amply clear that the disgraceful pandering to Zionism by American politicians, including Presidential hopefuls Barack Obama and John McCain and their running mates, vindicates the veracity of that statement, uttered or unuttered.
Today, Israel is trying to consummate its hateful enterprise of ethnic cleansing in the Middle East, using American money and American power. Israel will fight the Muslim world to the last American dollar and the last American soldier.
Hence, it is time ordinary Americans wake up from their slumber to reclaim their country from rapacious Zionism. Because their very future is at stake.
A Collection of Beautiful Ayahs – Hardship and Ease October 9, 2008Posted by aymenmd in Blogroll.
“Allah puts no burden on any person beyond what He has given him.
Allah will grant after hardship, ease.”
Al- Quran [at-Talaaq, 65:7]
“Surely with every difficulty there is relief.
Surely with every difficulty there is relief.”
Al- Quran [Shrah, 94:5-6]
Assalamu ‘alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu,
Who would like to purchase the Paradise (al-Jannah)? Here is a way to it, as Allah says in Surah at-Taubah:
“Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties;
for the price that theirs shall be the Paradise.”
(Inna Allaha ishtara mina almumineena anfusahum waamwalahum
bianna lahumu aljannata…) [9:111]
Al-Mu’min (a Believer in Allah) is the one who believes in Allah al-Wahid, yet without seeing Him. A believer’s faith makes him sell himself to Allah and gets a generous reward. If anyone of us proclaims ‘I believe in Allah’ then he/she should be prepared for the tests from Allah. Allah says:
Alif Lam M’im. ¤
Do the people think that they will be left alone on saying “We believe,”
and that they will not be tested? ¤
We did test those who have gone before them.
Allah has to see who are the truthful and who are the liars.
Allah has tested those who were before us, including the Prophets and those who were with them. Allah will make it clear about the one who has really sold himself to Allah and about the one who only says by his mouth ‘I believe, I believe’ and he lies with these words. Just hold your heart and see the tests through which Allah has tested the former people with:
“Do you think that you will enter Paradise without any trials
while you have known the examples of those who passed away before you?
They were afflicted with suffering and adversity
and were so violently shaken up that even
the Messenger and the believers with him cried out:
“When will Allah’s help come?”
Then they were comforted with the words,
Be aware! Allah’s help is ever close.
[Al-Baqarah - 2:214]
If a Muslim has really sold himself to Allah then let there be no worry about the trials and hardship because, once we have sold ourselves to Allah, we belong to Him (Inna lillah) and He may deal with us as He likes, He may take away from us anything or everything as He pleases. Such are the Sabireen (who endure with patience). Ar-Rahman says:
“We shall surely test your steadfastness with fear and famine, with loss of property, life and produce.
Give good news to those who endure with patience; ¤
who, when afflicted with calamity, say: “We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return.” ¤
Such are the people on whom there are blessings and Mercy from Allah;
and they are the ones that are rightly guided.
Remember that Allah will not afflict anyone more than what he/she can bear. Allahu Ta’ala says “Allah does not burden any human being with more than he can bear.” [al-Baqarah, 2:286]. Therefore if anyone is tested with some severe severe tests then according to this ayah, Allah has given him more & more strength than other people! Allah says:
“… Those who endure with patience will be rewarded without measure.”
(Innama yuwaffa al-ssabiroona ajrahum bighayri hisabin)
[az-Zumar - 39:10]
Muhammadur Rasul Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa aalihi wa ashaabihi wa sallam) said that Allah uplifts the ranks of the people by testing them with tests. Allah says “… And give good news to those who endure with patience” (.. wabashshiri al-ssabireena, 2:155). Rasulullah (‘alaihi salato was-salam) said:
“When Allah has previously decreed for a servant a rank which he has not attained by his action,
He afflicts him in his body, or his property or his children.”
[ Abu Dawud]
” There is nothing (in the form of trouble) that comes to a believer
even if it is the pricking of a thorn that
there is decreed for him by Allah (something) good or his sins are obliterated.”
Allah does not put believers in hardship for forever. Remember the story of Prophet Ayyub (‘alaihi salam), Quran says:
“Similarly We blessed Job (Ayyub), when he prayed to his Lord saying,
“Verily, distress has seized me, and You are the Most Merciful of all those who show mercy.” ¤
We accepted his prayer and relieved his affliction, and restored not only his family but
also as many more with them as a favour from Us
so that it may serve as a reminder to Our worshippers. ¤
“Surely with every difficulty there is relief. ¤
Surely with every difficulty there is relief.”
(Fainna ma’a al-’usri yusran
Inna maAAa alAAusri yusran)
Allah says ”…Allah will ease the hardship of those who fear Him.” [65:4]. This world (dunya) and its tiny candies will end one day and this life is not for forever. Whereas, the reward in the Akhirah will never last. So who is prepared for the Paradise? So who is willing to forsake this life for a smile (happiness) of Allah?
“Indeed Allah has purchased from the believers their persons and
their wealth and in return has promised them paradise;
they fight in the cause of Allah and slay and are slain.
This is a true promise which is binding on Him mentioned in
Torah, the Gospel and the Qur’an;
and who is more true in fulfilling his promise than Allah?
Rejoice, therefore, in the bargain which you have made,
and that is a mighty achievement.
No affliction can happen on earth nor to your souls,
which is not recorded in a Book, before We bring it into existence; surely that is easy for Allah.
No affliction can ever befall except by the leave of Allah. He that believes in Allah,
his heart is guided to the Right Way. Allah has knowledge of all things.
If Allah afflicts you with a calamity, none can remove it but He;
and if He intends to bestow a favour, none can withhold His bounty.
He bestows it on whomsoever of His servants He pleases; He is the Forgiving, the Merciful.
If Allah afflicts you with any harm, none can relieve you other than Him;
and if He blesses you with happiness, you should know that He has power over everything.
“Glory be to your Lord, the Lord of Honor, He is free from what they ascribe to Him!
Peace be on the Messengers, and praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.”
A Dream October 9, 2008Posted by aymenmd in Blogroll.
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Sahih Bukhari Volume 9, Book 87, Number 171: [Interpretation of Dreams ] : Narrated Samura bin Jundub:
Allah’s Apostle very often used to ask his companions, “Did anyone of you see a dream?” So dreams would be narrated to him by those whom Allah wished to tell.
One morning the Prophet said,
I set out with them and we came across a man Lying down, and behold, another man was standing over his head, holding a big rock. Behold, he was throwing the rock at the man’s head, injuring it. The rock rolled away and the thrower followed it and took it back. By the time he reached the man, his head returned to the normal state. The thrower then did the same as he had done before. I said to my two companions, ‘Subhan Allah! Who are these two persons?’ They said, ‘Proceed!’
So we proceeded and came to a man Lying flat on his back and another man standing over his head with an iron hook, and behold, he would put the hook in one side of the man’s mouth and tear off that side of his face to the back (of the neck) and similarly tear his nose from front to back and his eye from front to back. Then he turned to the other side of the man’s face and did just as he had done with the other side. He hardly completed this side when the other side returned to its normal state. Then he returned to it to repeat what he had done before. I said to my two companions, ‘Subhan Allah! Who are these two persons?’ They said to me, ‘Proceed!’
So we proceeded and came across something like a Tannur (a kind of baking oven, a pit usually clay-lined for baking bread).” I think the Prophet said, “In that oven there was much noise and voices.” The Prophet added, “We looked into it and found naked men and women, and behold, a flame of fire was reaching to them from underneath, and when it reached them, they cried loudly. I asked them, ‘Who are these?’ They said to me, ‘Proceed!’
And so we proceeded and came across a river.” I think he said, “…. red like blood.” The Prophet added, “And behold, in the river there was a man swimming, and on the bank there was a man who had collected many stones. Behold. while the other man was swimming, he went near him. The former opened his mouth and the latter (on the bank) threw a stone into his mouth whereupon he went swimming again. He returned and every time the performance was repeated, I asked my two companions, ‘Who are these (two) persons?’ They replied, ‘Proceed! Proceed!’
And we proceeded till we came to a man with a repulsive appearance, the most repulsive appearance, you ever saw a man having! Beside him there was a fire and he was kindling it and running around it. I asked my companions, ‘Who is this (man)?’ They said to me, ‘Proceed! Proceed!’
So we proceeded till we reached a garden of deep green dense vegetation, having all sorts of spring colors. In the midst of the garden there was a very tall man and I could hardly see his head because of his great height, and around him there were children in such a large number as I have never seen. I said to my companions, ‘Who is this?’ They replied, ‘Proceed! Proceed!’
So we proceeded till we came to a majestic huge garden, greater and better than I have ever seen! My two companions said to me, ‘Go up and I went up’ The Prophet added, “So we ascended till we reached a city built of gold and silver bricks and we went to its gate and asked (the gatekeeper) to open the gate, and it was opened and we entered the city and found in it, men with one side of their bodies as handsome as the handsomest person you have ever seen, and the other side as ugly as the ugliest person you have ever seen. My two companions ordered those men to throw themselves into the river. Behold, there was a river flowing across (the city), and its water was like milk in whiteness. Those men went and threw themselves in it and then returned to us after the ugliness (of their bodies) had disappeared and they became in the best shape.” The Prophet further added, “My two companions (angels) said to me, ‘This place is the Eden Paradise, and that is your place.’ I raised up my sight, and behold, there I saw a palace like a white cloud! My two companions said to me, ‘That (palace) is your place.’ I said to them, ‘May Allah bless you both! Let me enter it.’ They replied, ‘As for now, you will not enter it, but you shall enter it (one day)
I said to them, ‘I have seen many wonders tonight. What does all that mean which I have seen?’
They replied, ‘We will inform you:
As for the first man you came upon whose head was being injured with the rock, he is the symbol of the one who studies the Quran and then neither recites it nor acts on its orders, and sleeps, neglecting the enjoined prayers.
As for the man you came upon whose sides of mouth, nostrils and eyes were torn off from front to back, he is the symbol of the man who goes out of his house in the morning and tells so many lies that it spreads all over the world. And
those naked men and women whom you saw in a construction resembling an oven, they are the adulterers and the adulteresses;,
and the man whom you saw swimming in the river and given a stone to swallow, is the eater of usury (Riba) and
the bad looking man whom you saw near the fire kindling it and going round it, is Malik, the gatekeeper of Hell and
the tall man whom you saw in the garden, is Abraham and the children around him are those children who die with Al-Fitra (the Islamic Faith).”
The narrator added: Some Muslims asked the Prophet, “O Allah’s Apostle! What about the children of pagans?” The Prophet replied, “And also the children of pagans.”
The Prophet added, “My two companions added,
Concentration in Salah:Practical, Helpful Tips October 8, 2008Posted by aymenmd in Blogroll.
1. Come early for Salah and prepare yourself to concentrate. Repeat the Adhan to yourself with the Muadhdhin, and – after the adhan – say the prescribed supplication. Between the Adhan and Iqamah make dua. Do Wudu properly, cleanse your mouth, and wear your finest clothes.
2. Aim to get the entire reward of your Salah.
Abu Bakr ibn ‘Iyaash said, “I saw Habeeb ibn Thabit in Sujood. If you saw him you would think he was dead (by how long he held his Sujood).”
3. Contemplate (try to find the meaning) of the aayaat and adhkaar being recited during the prayer.
Think about the meanings of the verses that you are reciting. Isn’t is disheartening that someone may perform Salah for decades, day after day, and he/she still does not know what they are saying?
4. Pray in congregation. Allah Subhaanahu wa Ta’aala commands
[And perform Salah, give Zakah, and bow with those that bow.] 2/43
5. Never miss your Nafl Salah, especially those that the Prophet – Sal Allaahu alayhi wa Sallam – used to pray constantly, especially Witr and the sunnah of Fajr
6. Do not speed up your Salah. Take your time and do not allow your Salah to become the most invaluable action of your day.
Ibn Wahb said, “I saw Ath-Thowree at the Ka’bah. After Maghrib, he got up to pray and then prostrated. He did not come out of that prostration until the Adhan for Isha’ was given.”
7. Know that Allaah responds to your prayer
8. Pray with a barrier (sutrah) in front of you and pray close to it
Another thing that will help one to have khushoo is paying attention to the matter of having a sutrah and praying close to it, because this will restrict your field of vision, protect you from the Shaytaan and keep people from passing in front of you, which causes a distraction and reduces the reward of the prayer.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When any one of you prays, let him pray facing a sutrah, and let him get close to it.”
9. Seeking Refuge in Allah from the Shaytaan.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught us the following methods of combatting the whispers of Shaytaan.
Abu l-Aas (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported that he said, “O Messenger of Allaah, the Shaytaan interrupts me when I pray, and I get confused in my recitation.” The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “That is a shaytaan whose name is Khanzab. If you sense his presence, seek refuge with Allaah from him, and spit [dry spitting] towards your left three times.” [Abu’l-‘Aas] said: “I did that and Allaah took him away from me.”(Reported by Muslim, no. 2203)
10. Pray as if you were told that after Salah you would be going back to Allah.
Abu Bakr Al-Muzanee said, “If you want your Salah to benefit you, then say, ‘I shall die after this Salah!’”